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How Disney Adapted Dumbo for Today’s Audience


We recently attended the press conference for the highly-anticipated live-action reimagining of Disney‘s Dumbo. The press conference was split into two parts. Attending the first part of the press conference was producer Derek Frey, producer Katterli Frauenfelde, production designer Rick Heinrichs, costume designer Colleen Atwood, composer Danny Elfman, screenwriter Ehren Kruger, and producer Justin Springer. While there was much to learn about the film being reimagined, how the score was created, and what kind of visual palette was utilized to inject Tim Burton’s flair within the realm of the mythological elephant, one very important question hung in the air. How would Disney adapt the original film to interest the modern audience, especially for those who had grown up watching the original animated film?

The original animated Dumbo was approximately 60 minutes long. While the film is short and well-rounded and conveys a story to all that teaches us to embrace what makes us unique, it’s hard not to question whether or not the story can be expanded. This was something that screenwriter Ehren Kruger wondered himself in the earlier stages of writing the script.

“Dumbo is not just a Disney character. He’s a mythological character. And I wish he were real,” he shared. “I wish I could have been in the audience of that circus in the golden age of the circus and observe his story. And then to take the next step, not just observe his story, but imagine what it’s like to be Dumbo. And that leads you to a place where you say what would Dumbo want and is the end of the 1941 film truly a satisfying end for Dumbo of that story? And so that just organically led to expanding the story past where the animated film ends.”

While many have focused on the new additions to the story, mostly the inclusion of the human circus characters that occupy Dumbo’s world, many people like myself were wondering how far this reimagining would stray from the path of the original. For the purpose of adapting the film to the live-action format, it made sense to include human characters to sort of serve as the eyes of the audience. But what elements from the original would be included to serve as a guiding point for audiences who grew up with the original film?

“I just thought about things that I associated so strongly with the story,” Kruger admitted. “Pink Elephants, Casey Jr., Firefighting Clowns. Just the things that I remember. It’s kind of like Danny [Elfman] talks about. Zeitgeist memories or things in the back of your head. I remember that moment. I remember that image. And of course, in writing the film, I went back and revisited the animated movie a number of times. But I really tried to get to that place of what are the core things that I associate with this? What are the simple things I associate with this story? And those have to be there?”

Adapting Dumbo for modern audiences ultimately came to taking apart the story, finding the foundation, and expanding the story to tell something that could touch upon universal themes that many audience members can relate to, producer Justin Springer explained. The desire to know more about where Dumbo goes after the events of the original film and how the little elephant’s actions impact those around him drove the expansion.

The approach taken by screenwriter Ehren Kruger and producer Justin Springer to focus on the foundation rather than muddy up a story with too many things may be the best approach. Sometimes I find with adaptations that too much attention is placed on needing to make the original source material more complicated than it needs to be. However, by keeping the story simple and by paying homage to the original film without overshadowing the newest additions to the film, I think the team behind Disney’s Dumbo may have found a writing formula that will resonate more successfully with modern audiences as Disney continues to adapt their classic animated films.

Dumbo stars Colin Farrell, Michael Keaton, Danny DeVito, Eva Green, Alan Arkin, Finley Hobbins, and Nico Parker. Directed by Tim Burton (Alice in WonderlandCharlie and the Chocolate Factory) from a screenplay by Ehren Kruger (OpheliaDream House), and produced by Justin Springer (TRON: Legacy), Kruger, Katterli Frauenfelder (Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar ChildrenBig Eyes) and Derek Frey (Miss Peregrine’s Home for Peculiar ChildrenFrankenweenie), Dumbo flies into theaters on March 29.

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Sarah Musnicky
Sarah is a freelance writer and self-described workaholic. She loves fantasy and sci fi and will admit having dual loyalties between Star Trek and Star Wars as well as Marvel and DC. When she's not being socially awkward, she is in a corner obsessing over dragons, cute things, and a need to master all languages on the planet. She would like to be a professional blanket burrito when she reaches the peak of maturation.


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